What is Palm Fruit Oil?

Palm oil is extracted from oil palm fruits. Oil palm trees grow in the tropics and originated in Africa. The fruit bunch is cut when it is ripe . The harvested fruit bunches are sent the processing plants by trucks for the extraction of Palm Oil. Palm oil is a common cooking ingredient in the tropical belt of Africa, Southeast Asia and parts of Brazil. Its use in the commercial food industry in other parts of the world is buoyed by its lower cost and by the high oxidative stability of the refined product when used for frying. As we are known, Malaysia and Indonesia are the main countries of palm oil-producing, which occupy over 80% of global palm oil output.

palm fruit bunches
palm fruit and palm kernel
palm fruit oil

Introduction to Integrated Palm Fruit Oil Extraction Plant

Advanced technologically and rational economically, this integrated plant features its continuous operation, high level of automation, excellent quality or workmanship and low price. It can be adopted in different countries of origin for producing crude palm oil and desiccated palm kernels with palm fruit bunches. It is composed of all necessary unit machines, which have good adaptability, fine properties, solid and durable structures, and are all safe, reliable and easy to be operated. We also supply automatic Palm Kernel Oil Press.
palm oil mill processing steps

Main Process of Integrated Palm Fruit Oil Processing Machinery

The complete plant consists of the following seven systems: Fruit Reception System→Sterilizing System→Threshing System→Pressing System→Depericarping System→Kernel Recycling System→Oil Clarification System.
1. Fruit Reception System

palm fruit cage cart

This system is the first step of the palm oil plant and it is featured with automatic operation, labor & time-saving.
A. Automatic weighing and automatic unloading/loading result in boosted production efficiency.
B. Moving along the fixed rails, cage carts are operated mechanically, which saves labor and time.<
2. Sterilizing System
The sterilizing system can ensure the quality of palm oil and be helpful to the next step.
A. Palm fruit sterilization with pressurized steam can effectively put an end to the activity of the catabolic enzyme, ensuring the quality of palm oil and reducing oil loss. It will also preliminarily desiccate the palm kernels, that is helpful to the follow-up step – drying and husking of palm kernels.
B. The horizontal tank of the sterilizer is in a novel and advanced structure with complete accessories. The machine is also equipped with a unique device for quickly opening the door, safe, reliable and easy to be operated.

3. Palm Fruit Threshing System

The threshing system is used to separate the fruits from the bunches.
A. A novel drum type thresher is chosen to ensure an optimum mechanical threshing efficiency and a lower failure rate.
B. The guiding device furnished in the thresher can control the conveying speed of palm fruit bunches.

4. Palm Oil Pressing System

palm fruit oil press

The unique and novel design of the digester used in this section optimizes the efficiency of thermal conditioning and crushing of palm fruits before oil pressing, effectively increasing oil yield.
The continuous double-screw palm oil press and the hydraulic automatic control system for adjusting the pressure inside the press cage ensure high pressing efficiency, low oil residue in cake mash and low breakage of palm nuts.

Palm Fruit Oil Press Specifications

Model Capacity(fresh palm fruit) Main Motor Power
AMSPF-3 3t/h 7.5kw
AMSPF-7 7t/h 11kw
AMSPF-10 10t/h 22kw
AMSPF-15 15t/h 30kw

5. Oil Cake Separating System

After oil pressing, the broken oil cake mash is to be dried and loosened, then they go through a vertical aspiration channel and a drum conveying type multi-stage separator to have fiber separated from palm nuts with very ideal technological results.

6. Palm Kernel Recycling System

After the pure palm kernels are dried and husked, aspiration is adapted to separate husks from palm nuts with very ideal technological results.

7. Palm Oil Clarification System

palm fruit oil classificaiton tankThe crude palm oil produced contains much water and other impurities such as colloidal matters, dust, and sands etc. The complete set of crude oil purification equipment adopted can play an oil settling function continuously, resulting in an effective separation of water and impurities from the crude oil.

Quality of Crude Palm Oil Produced

Free Fatty Acid (FFA) ≤ 5% Moisture and Impurity (M & I) ≤ 0.25%
Iodine Value (IV) 50.6 – 55.1  Melting Point (M.Pt) 30.8 – 37.6